Pre Production – Treatment.

For my treatment I have followed a simple template that I have used before which splits the information into different sections under sub – headings. 

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Section 1.

Project title and description. 

My project currently does not have a name as I have been more focused on my research however once I start my pre production I will begin to think of a film name. The name of my film will be related to the narrative and theme which is domestic abuse. The name I give to my film will also add to the genre as it will sound dramatic and give the audience a type of expectation or imagery when they see / hear it. The genre is a short drama film and it will be between 5 – 10 minutes. The project itself will run from February until May.

Section 2. 

Target Audience. 

My target audience will primarily be people between the ages of 18 – 40+ as the first people to see my short film will be my classmates, tutors and examiners. After my work has been marked I will then upload my short film to YouTube where my target audience will be similar as people of all ages will have access to my video. I would like to set the age rating for my film at 18+ as it will contain sensitive subject matter.

Section 3. 

Synopsis.

The topic / theme of my short film is domestic abuse and how it can affect a person’s mental health.

The title of my short film is currently untitled.

The tag line is: The past will catch you up as you run faster…

My short film will have a nonlinear narrative and start with a woman running through a street or alley way. The images will be normal and then distorted, the audience will hear her breathing and footsteps and well as ambient outside noise. The film will then flashback to a scene where the woman is with her boyfriend / partner, this is established by their actions and body language. They are both happy and drunk, having returned from a party, this is established by their clothing (fancy) and their body language (dis-coordinated movements, laughing.) The laughing stops as the man grabs the woman too tightly on the arm or wrist and the scene changes back to her running, again the images are distorted and the audience will hear heavy breathing and panting as the woman is out of breath. Another flashback cuts in, this time the man is shown to be on his knees pleading with the woman, she is crying and has a bruised face (eye or cheek.) The film then cuts back to the woman running again, the audience have established that she is running away from the man by this point, however wether this panic has been triggered by a flashback or wether it has happened again recently is unknown. I may include a third flashback, in which the man is stood over the woman threateningly as she cowers. The woman will then stumble as she runs and falls, huddling herself against a wall for protection and to catch her breath. The woman is obviously scared. A stranger sees her and approaches her, placing his hand near or on her shoulder he asks “you ok love?” This sends the woman into her final flashback, in which she sees her abuser grabbing her and saying the same words but in an aggressive tone. She sees the stranger as the abuser and reaches for a nearby object (a rock) and strikes out at the man, as she cannot tell the difference in her fear and disorientated mental state. The stranger falls and is badly injured, another person or people has / have witnessed this and an ambulance has been called (off screen, audience may hear someone asking for 999) the woman is pulled from her flashback and is shaking and crying as sirens are heard in the background.

Section 4.

Characters and Backstories. 

My film will have 3 main characters: the woman, the abusive man and the male stranger. I will also have two or more extras during the final scenes. The characters will remain nameless as none of them refer to each other by name. They will all be within the age range of 25 – 40 and the actors do not need to be of a specific race. The backstory for my film will be explained partially through the flashbacks, the audience will not see how the abuse starts but the first flashback is a clue that is happens more frequently when the man is intoxicated. The second flashback shows the man is manipulative and emotionally abusive as he is trying to plead with the woman and beg her to forgive him by apologising and sweet – talking her. The third flashback shows that the abuse continued and that the woman lives in fear of the man and the fourth flashback shows how easily her flashbacks can be triggered and the effect the abuse has had on her mental health and wellbeing.

Section 5. 

Visual Elements.

  • Lighting – My indoor scenes will be lit using the dedo lighting kit as I will need to adjust the light in the room depending on the scene and natural lighting provided in each room. I will not be using lighting for my outdoor scenes.
  • Camera movements – I will use a variety of shots including: wide shots, mid shots, close ups, tracking shots, a p.o.v shot and an over the shoulder shot. I will also distort footage during editing to represent the victim characters distorted mental state. 
  • Editing – The editing software I will use is PremierPro. The editing process will be spread over a number of days. I will cut in flashback scenes with the main narrative and use different tools or footage to include sound effects and distorted – looking footage. 
  • Setting – The main narrative of my film will be set in the present, the flashback scenes will obviously be set in the past (a few months / weeks before the main narrative.) I will film in an indoor location, a house and an outdoor location, an alleyway. 
  • Actors – I will have two main actors, a male and female who will play the couple characters in my film. My third actor will be the stranger, who approaches the woman in the end of the main narrative. 
  • Props – The props I will use for my film are a fake brick or bottle, fake blood and a bruise palette (makeup.) 
  • Costume – I do not have costumes for my characters, however my two main characters will have two – three outfit changes for the flashback scenes as they will all be at different times in the relationship. 

Audio Elements.

  • Foley – The use of sound effects is important in my film as they will add to the dark atmosphere of it, build the feeling of tension for be audience and reflect my characters state of mind. For my main narrative I will use lots of heavy breathing sound effects and heavy footfalls. In my flashback scenes I will use the sound of a phone receiving a text message. 
  • Ambient Sound – I will use lots of ambient sound in my film,  especially in the outdoor scenes. 
  • Music – I am currently looking into obtaining the rights to use the song I Know by Placebo in my film as the lyrics partly inspired the idea for my film and will be parallel to what is happening on screen. During the last flashback scene, and the end of the main narrative I will use dark, tension building  music to create an uncertain and tense atmosphere. 

Section 6.

Rationale. 
I have chosen to make a short film for my final project because I enjoy making these types of films and think that I am good at developing ideas for short films which, with enough research and planning, develop into good videos. I chose drama as the genre as my favourite types of films to watch are gritty dramas or thrillers. The theme of my film will be domestic abusive and was inspired by a line in a Placebo song titled ‘ I Know. ‘ I have made the line the tag line for my film and have been looking into licensing to include it in some scenes.

I think this project is a good choice for my fmp as it will be challenging to create however I think that it is feasible and will not push me over my limits. The idea requires extensive research which will take up a lot of my time for this project however it will still leave time for other parts such as filming and editing as research is an ongoing process as I will always be developing my ideas until I begin filming. The end result will be a short drama film that is interesting, creative and also raises awareness of domestic abuse and the effects it can have on the victim.

Section 7.

Primary and Secondary Research. 

My primary research will start with me looking at the facts and statistics of domestic abuse towards women in the UK so that I will have a better understanding of the subject and will be able to provide these facts either in my film or my blog as part of raising awareness for the subject. I will also be looking into local organisations that deal with the subject and see if they are willing to give me any information, or perhaps an interview as part of my contextual research. I will then create a survey and distribute it within my peer group and friend groups in order to receive feedback on my ideas and input on what I could include or improve on. Before filming I will conduct a location reccé and risk assessment to see if there are any issues with where I want to film and if anything can be done to overcome these issues.

For my secondary research I will be analysing a variety of media and creative art and design work including films, tv clips, art and photography to see how the subject of domestic abuse is portrayed in different means of work. I will mainly be analysing films, tv clips and adverts to get an idea of the shot types I will use, the lighting I will use and the dialogue used between characters. I will start my secondary research by analysing the films I included in my pitch: 6 Years (2015) directed by Hannah Fidell, Murdered By My Boyfriend (2014) directed by Paul Andrew Williams and Defending Our Lives (19930 directed by Margaret Lazarus.

I will also do technical research which falls into both primary and secondary. The primary technical research I will do includes workshops with a tutor on lighting, filming techniques and editing. The secondary technical research includes looking at lighting and how I can light an outdoor location, how to use different lenses or camera settings to give my film a distorted look and how to make the props I will need for my film.

Section 8.

Requirements and Resources.

Crew:

  • Hayley Dean (me.) – Camera Operator / Director.
  • Emma Newell – Assistant Camera Operator
  • Louise Howarth – Lighting and Audio tech.

Cast:

  • Niamh Mahoney (woman)
  • Chris Short (man) 
  • Oliver Moore (stranger)

Equipment:

  •  Canon XA10 
  • Lighting kit 
  • Tripod
  • Fig Rig

Locations:

  • Indoor House Setting – Sudell Road, Darwen. 
  • Outdoor Alley Setting – Kings Road, MillHill, Blackburn.

Section 9.

Constraints and Contingency. 

Although my project is feasible, I will face some issues when planning, producing and editing my film. One issue is that I may run out of time to complete my project, however this can be avoided by creating weekly time planners and setting deadlines for different parts of the project. 

Another issue I could have is not being able to find actors, or having my actors drop out later on. To solve this I will need to start looking for actors early on in the project, and look for stand – ins should my actors be unavailable later. 

I will also face technical issues in the filming and editing process, which can be solved by thorough research and planning. The first issue is making the audience aware that the flashback scenes are flashbacks, this can be solved with secondary research into how to use editing software to do this. The second issue is how to make my film appear distorted in some parts, which I would like to do by using the Canon 700D camera and baby or pancake lens. However this equipment may not be available so I will be doing secondary research on how to create this effect in post production and experiment with using a slow shutter speed as I have been told this could help. Lighting is another technical issue, as one of my locations is outside and may need to be lit if it is dark. This can be solved by filming in natural daylight or by using battery powered lights and reflectors to highlight a person or object. 

Section 10.

Legal and Ethical Considerations.

The legal issues I will need to consider are the rights to use part of the song I Know by Placebo in my short film, which I want to do as it partly inspired the idea and relates to my narrative. I will need to do secondary research into how / if I can get the rights to use the song and proceed from there. 

Section 11.

Budget.

The budget for my film will be £20, this will cover travel costs for my cast and includes food and drink provided on set. The budget may increase depending on wether I obtain (and pay for) the rights to use a song in my film. 

Song Use Research. 

Before starting my proposal I began to think about how I would make my short film and decided that I would like to include part of the song that inspired the original idea in it as the line ties in with the content of my film. The line is ‘the past will catch you up as you run faster…’ If I cannot use the song in my short film I will use the line as a tag – line for my film and include it in the poster I will make later. To include the song in my short film I knew I would have to look at the copyright laws to see if I would be able to use it. The song is called I Know by Placebo[1], an English alternative rock band who’s name derives from the original medicinal meaning[2]: ‘A substance having no effect but administered as a control in testing. A fake or false thing used in place of another.’ 

I began my research using the Internet to look for the rights I would need to obtain in order to use the song and found an article on a website called ascap.com[3], which I have written about in my production diaries. The title of the article is: ‘How to Aquire Music For Films'[4] and has different sections which gave me information on the licenses I would need to use a song in my film, how I could get these licenses, what to include when I would be enquiring about the licenses and what the fee would cost. This information has been useful for me as I now know what to do if I ever want to use a song in a film in the future.



 I decided to take it step – by – step and started with the first part which is getting the synchronisation license. To do this I needed to contact the publisher of the song, who is usually the copyright owner. Through the Wikipedia page for the album the song is on[5], I found that the publisher is Brad Wood. I then went on his website and found his contact information[6] and emailed him with the idea for my short film and  enquired about the synchronisation rights to the song. In his reply, Mr. Wood said that he no longer has the rights to the song and mentioned that it would be best to contact the record label, which I will do anyway in order to ask about the master use license. He also sent me a link to a helpful website on music licensing and wished me luck for my project. 



Later on in the project I decided to contact the record label Placebo were with for their self titled album, which I found out was Virgin Records. Unfortunately I could not find contact information for the US website and instead contacted the U.K Label via email to see wether they can help me or direct me towards the US Label.

 

Unfortunately I hadn’t recieved a reply by the time the project deadline was approaching and decided to include the lyrics I wanted to use from the song as the tag line for my film instead. 

Proposal. 

1st Draft.

After completing the first draft of my proposal I sent it to both Jo and Graham via email. I also printed out a copy so that whichever tutor looked at it could write comments on the paper. On the Monday after sending it, Mandy looked at the physical copy of my proposal and made some changes to the structure and the grammar I had used.

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2nd Draft.

I then sent the revised version to Graham via email and he went through the printed version with me and told me to include more media language and to change the structure of some sentences.

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I then sent this via email to Graham and Jo.

3rd Draft.

Graham approved of my 3rd proposal draft, however Jo pointed out some errors with my sentence structure in section 1 and told me to include more information on the research I would do and why I had chose my project concept in section 2. 


Once I had made these changes and had them approved by Jo I began working on my primary and secondary research for my project. 

Later on in the project, I created a final version of my proposal with my project title and Unique Learner Number (instead of my candidate number.) 

Final Proposal. 





 

Unit 7 Introduction.

On the 1st Feb Jo introduced us to the first part of the Unit 7 (fmp) brief.

What needs submitting for Unit 5 & 6:

* All practical work including experiments, developments and final outcomes

* This should be supported by contextual research which is analysed and linked to your own practice

* Critical analysis of work

* Records of work experience / employability skills

* Records of lectures and film screenings

* Embedded maths and English

* Bibliography

* Records of progression activities, UCAS, research,statement, portfolio prep,practise interviews,own responses

* Records of tutorials

* Peer feedback

* Self assessment

Unit 7 – FMP.

Developing project proposals for unit 7.

Aims and outcomes.

* To introduce the learner to the assessment process for part three

* To empower the learner by allowing them to take responsibility for their own learning by proposing and realising a project that integrates planning, research, ideas, methods, evaluation, reflection and future progression / professional opportunities

* To discuss and develop a strategy that allows learners to maximise their assessment potential

. Unit 7.

* Indicate content, teaching strategies and learning activities

* This unit aims to provide students with an opportunity to take control of their own learning by independently initiating, researching, completing and evaluating a project proposal and realisation within a chosen professional context

* The choice of the proposed subject, subsequent research and all relevant activity will be defined by the student. The aims and aspirations of all students, including those with special needs, should be considered and appropriate support will be given

* Students should understand: A range of critical and contextual perspectives and approaches which can be used in the development of a project proposal

* The need for research which has relevance and appropriate depth and breadth to support their project development and realisation

* How to analyse and evaluate research evidence to support ideas development

* How to integrate practical, theoretical and technical understanding to realise their project

* How to maintain and use records of critical analysis and evaluation to support the decision making progress

* How to articulate, in an appropriate form, an analysis and evaluation of the working processes which have led to the realisation of their project proposal

* How to use appropriate forms and techniques to present themselves and their work

Problems you may have

* Expressing ideas in written form

* Playing safe – not experimental

* Lacking ambition or being too ambitious

* Not building on previous units or projects

* Lacking critical thinking context

* Lacking a concept

Things to be submitted for unit 7.

* Cover sheet to include name, candidate number, pathway, blog address and destination

* Proposal on pro forma

* Work plan (dated)

* Authentication form (signed by staff and students)

* Final word processed evaluation

* Extended bibliography

* Sketchbooks, worksheets etc

* All FMP work must be submitted and labeled.

Ual Project Proposal.

This unit requires you to produce a written project proposal of approx 500 words which should address the following:

* A review of progress and achievement through parts 1 and 2 of the course (150)

* Project concept (250)

* Evaluation (100)

Guidance.

Your final project proposal FPP should be 450 words (+or -. 10%). This will be your first contact with the UAL external examination so it must be word processed (11pt Arial) and be clearly structured using the following guidance.

Reflection and Evaluation.

In the weeks leading up to your stage 2 assessment you should evaluate your overall progress and identify your main strengths and weaknesses. After your assessment you should add to this reflection based on comments from your tutor. You should use this reflection and evaluation to help formulate possible themes and working practices for your Final Project.

Developing the theme

Choose either a theme or technique / medium / process / concept that you are passionate about and will sustain you for the whole of the project. In order to do this and before writing your proposal you should undertake extensive research into these possible subject areas and connect contextual research, including investigation into relevant practitioners. This work should include visual research and will form part of the process work for your final project. You will present this idea through a pitch to an exam board of staff. After the pitch you will develop a formal proposal for moderation. Proposals will be then checked by the pathway team and your final proposal will be approved by the pathway leader.

Developing proposals

* Stage 1 – pre project proposal

* Stage 2 – developing ideas

* Stage 3 – the pitch

* Stage 4 – writing the proposal

Step 1: pre project proposal

What makes a good project?

Has to be interesting to you, has to generate enough research, isn’t too ambitious or lacking in ambition

Step 2: gathering initial research

Record on blogs, be imaginative and think laterally, do not narrow your project ideas down before you’ve started

Where or what could you visit for inspiration?

Stage 3: The Pitch

The key to a strong project is a strong idea. If we feel that the idea has limited potential for assessment you will have to work on a completely new starting point. Therefore the pitch is a vital stage in your project development and should be approached with a professional mindset.

Your presentation.

* You will make a 5 min presentation to tutors

* The presentation should be clear, concise and visual and inform the audience of your: concept / synopsis starting point, research and anticipated outcomes

Critique: You may request peer critiques in order to practise pitching and receive feedback as soon as possible. You can ask questions to clarify your understanding and you need to refer to the unit 7 aims as a guideline

Writing the proposal

Project proposal: guidance

In producing the project proposal and in preparing for the project realisation you should familiarise yourself with the unit 7 of the qualification. In particular you should understand the assessment and grading criteria which will be used to determine standards of achievement.

Unit 7 requires that you produce a project proposal of about 500 words, excluding the project plan and bibliography. Project proposals should not be so succinct that they do not address the requirements listed below nor should they be excessively long and unfocused.

The project proposal must be word processed on the given pro forma

The Project Proposal.

Centre name and number

Candidate name and number

Project proposal title and date

Main area of activity / pathway

Section 1

(Approximately 150 words)

A review of progress and achievements through Parts 1 and 2 of the course: provides an opportunity for you to reflect on, review and summarise your progress and achievements through the first six units of the programme, expressed in terms of the knowledge, skills and understanding acquired. What you now know and what it means to you, compared to what you knew and could do before you started the course.

This section also provide an opportunity for you to explore your reasons for choosing a particular pathway and to outline your long term aspirations. You should reflect upon how your choice of a particular pathway has informed your project proposal, how it is situated within a broader context and what immediate aspirations will be satisfied through the project realisation.

Section 2

(Approximately 250 words)

Project concept: provides and opportunity for you to clearly explain the concept and aims of your project; what will you be researching? What problems are you seeking to resolve? What types of practical methods and skills you are seeking to develop and what technical resources you may need and an indication of the form in which you will present your work. You should recognise that throughout the project realisation you may, in response to the evolution of your ideas and of the availability of facilities and materials, make decisions which result in changes to the project concept and aims. It is important that any process of change is documented in both the work itself and through supporting methods.

Section 3

(Approximately 100 words)

Evaluation: provides and opportunity for you to explain the means by which you will reflect on and evaluate you work as both a continuous activity and in summation at the end of the project. The critical review should be referenced to the projects stated aims and be reflective and analytical of learning and achievement rather than a narrative of actions completed

Additional requirements, not included in the 500 word limit of the proposal:

Project Action Plan and Timetable: provides an opportunity to outline the sequence of actions necessary to progress the project over a period of weeks so that it may be brought to a successful conclusion within the agreed timeframe. It is important that you consider how you will balance ambition, time and realism in the organisation and realisation of the project.

Bibliography (Harvard Format): provides an opportunity to formally record the research sources that you have used. You should record your initial research sources for the project proposal and then continuously update the bibliography as the project progresses.

Section 1

What skills, knowledge and experience have you acquired on the course so far? How will your project build upon your experience so far on the course? How will you address issues that have been identified through your own evaluation and assessment to date?

Section 2

What is your idea and what to do you aim to produce?

Justify how your ideas and concept will sustain you throughout the project

Who / what will you draw upon for influence / inspiration?

What would you define as your contextual research as this stage?

What primary research might you need to do?

What methods, techniques, materials, technology and processes will you use?

How do you propose to present your final ideas within the limitations of an exhibition space?

Are the materials and resources you have identified available and if not, how do you propose to access them?

Section 3

How will you evaluate your ideas, research and processes through the project?

How will this process progress your work?

Pitch.

Pitch.



On Tuesday the 21st Feb I pitched my ideas to Graham, Brian and the other media students. As I had two different ideas I wasn’t sure which they would prefer as I had issues with the logistics of both planning and filming wise. The idea I preferred was the first one, a short drama film about a group of kids going camping on private land. However after talking to Graham and Brian they made me realise that it would be more difficult to film than my second idea which is a drama about domestic violence and said that they would prefer if I chose the second instead.

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Video Link:

https://youtu.be/tMiJQJ60Fgg

Unit 7 – Project Idea / Unit 5 and 6 Follow Up. 

Unit 5.

For Unit 5, a brief where we had to create a piece of work based on or inspired by something from the Victoria and Albert Museum, I achieved a pass grade. I worked with another student to create a short documentary about the youth revolution of the late 60’s and early 70’s, this was inspired by the exhibition: You Say You Want A Revolution? Records and Rebels 1966-1970. I am glad I achieved a pass for this unit as it was marked as a pass / fail. For my final project (Unit 7) I am aiming to achieve a distinction but would be happy with a merit grade. 

Unit 6.

For Unit 6, I documented the preparations I was making in order to progress to university. This included the courses I had chosen to apply for and why, my personal statement, documentation of any interviews and open / applicant days I attended and my offers from the university’s. I received a pass for this unit as it was marked on a pass / fail basis. I applied for the BA Hons course Media Production: Film and Television at York St John University, BA Hons Film Production at Salford University, BA Hons Film Production at the University of Worcester, BA Hons Film Production at UCLAN and BA Hons Filmmaking at Leeds Beckett University. 

I received an unconditional offer for York St John University, which I later accepted as my firm choice and will be attending in September 2017. I recieved conditional offers from the University of Salford and the University of Worcester. I also received an unconditional offer from Leeds Beckett, and recieved no offer from UCLAN as I had made my firm choice before they got back to me. 

Unit 7.

My idea for Unit 7 is a short film. I have chosen to make a short film as it is what I enjoy doing and what I would like to persue a career in in future. My short film will be a drama, as it my favourite genre. I currently have two ideas for a narrative: the first is about a group of teenagers who camp on private land and face consequences when they have an altercation with the land owner. The second idea is about a victim of domestic violence and how this has effected their mental health. I am currently planning the details of both narratives as I am unsure which I would prefer to do.